As some of you might already know, in a survival situation counts the rule of 3’s: you can survive 3 minutes about oxygen, 3 hours about protection from the elements, 3 days without water and 3 weeks without food. This means that, after oxygen, protection from the elements is your first priority. Clothing is your primary form of shelter.

For example, when you are planning a trip to Alaska, you’re not going to wear shorts and a T-shirt, and when you’re going to the Sahara desert, you’re not going to wear a thick winter jacket an snow boots. Make sure you have the proper clothes with you to be comfortable in the environment you’re going to. As mentioned before, clothing is your primary form of shelter because it’s right next to your body and will protect you from wind, rain, the sun, snow, cold and warmth.


The main rule for living/being in a cold environment is to get lots of layers of insulation between you and the environment, and to remove that insulation layer by layer when you get warmer.

There are 4 important layers you should wear in a cold invorinment:

1) Long (thermal) underwear: synthetic fabrics like polypropylene work the best, but wool and silk are the best natural fibers. Cotton isn’t a good choice because it absorbs water and holds the water next to your body, which will cool you off.

2) Mid layers: the next layers are important because they will absorb the moisture out of your long (thermal) underwear and transport it to the environment through evaporation. Again, synthetic materials are best here, but wool is a good substitute. Basically, you should wear shirts, sweaters and trousers when you’re active. Make sure it fits nicely, because the mid layers trap air and prevent it from carrying away your body heat.

3) Insulation layers: wearing lots of layers means warmth. For extremely cold conditions, an outer piece of clothing with several inches of insulation is very important. Synthetic materials work best in potentially wet conditions.

4) Shell layer: the most important part of your outfit is your windshell. Windshells can increase warmth by 10 °C (50 °F) or more.

Other important things to wear in a cold invironment are a wool hat or a cap with wool winter cover, thermal socks and high-quality winter/snow boots. You loose the most body heat through your head, so a good head cover is essential. Boots and thermal socks are very important too because it will keep your toes and feet from freezing. With your feet badly injured, you’ll not be able to return to civilization or even walk to a good shelter spot.




Remember: Be prepared. Survive.


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